taj mahal controversy :- All you need to know about the iconic ‘monument of love’ built by Shah Jahan

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A petition has been filed in the Allahabad High Court, seeking a factual inquiry into the “history” of the Taj Mahal, and to open the doors of its “22 rooms” to see “the truth, whatever it is”. Is. The Mughal monument is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. Many right-wing organizations have claimed that the Taj Mahal was a temple of Lord Shiva in the past. The writ petition was filed in the High Court on May 7, 2022. It will be first processed by the Registry of the Lucknow Bench and then taken up for hearing. As this is a developing issue, let us see what is the history of Taj Mahal.

Who built Taj Mahal? 

Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal ruler after Babur, Humayun, Akbar and Jahangir. He is considered one of the greatest Mughals and his reign has been called the Golden Age of the Mughals. Shah Jahan built many magnificent monuments during his lifetime, the most famous of which is the Taj Mahal in Agra.

When was Taj Mahal built? 

The Taj Mahal is actually an integrated complex of structures of which the white-domed marble mausoleum is its most important component. The construction of the Taj complex started around 1631 AD. The main mausoleum was completed in 1648 AD employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen, while the outer buildings and gardens were completed five years later in 1653 AD.

How many people built Taj Mahal?

In the Islamic world at the time, credit for a building’s design was usually given to its patron rather than its architects. A labor force of about twenty thousand workers is believed to have been employed from all over northern India for the construction of the Taj Mahal. Sculptors from Bukhara, calligraphers from Syria and Persia, stonecutters from southern India, stonecutters from Baluchistan, experts in turret making, only marble flower carvers were part of the other thirty-seven who constituted the creative unit.

Did Shah Jahan chop off the hands of Taj Mahal workers?

The claim – Shah Jahan cut off the hands of those who built the Taj Mahal – is a well-known urban myth. Shah Jahan built a huge settlement called Taj Ganj to house the workers engaged in the construction of the Taj Mahal. The settlement still exists today. The claim that he cut off the hands of his workers is in contrast to the emperor taking care of thousands of his workers. In many of the findings, this claim has been dismissed as an urban legend. There is no evidence for this claim either.

The popularity of Taj Mahal 

The Taj Mahal was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. As the national symbol of India, it welcomes millions of visitors every year. It is also one of the ‘Seven Wonders of the World’.

Theories on Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is called the ‘Monument of Love’. It was built by Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, a Muslim Persian princess. After giving birth to her 13th child, she died in Burhanpur along with her husband while on a campaign to quell a rebellion. Death crushed the emperor so much that it is said that within a few months all his hair and beard turned snow white. While Mumtaz Mahal was alive, she made four promises to the emperor: first, that he would build the Taj; second, that he should marry again; third, that he may have mercy on their children; and fourth, that he visits his grave on his death anniversary. However, poor health and house arrest by his own son and heir to the throne, Aurangzeb, prevented Shah Jahan from keeping the last promise. The tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz are located together in a crypt in the Taj Mahal.

– One of the theories is that the Taj Mahal is not Indian. Many westerners found themselves astonished that Indian culture could produce such fine architecture. – Many believe that there was to be a similarly designed ‘black’ Taj Mahal across the Yamuna River for Shah Jahan to be buried in. This myth was introduced by Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, a visitor to Agra in 1665, but is absolutely unproven.

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